Let’s talk about compost. I LOVE compost.
Compost is like natures way of recycling. It’s good for everyone, so why not do it?! Composting feeds hundreds of thousands of organisms in the soil. Not only does it help improve your garden it improves the soil structure and makes it easier for plants to grow! The more variety you put in your compost the more diverse your organisms will be WHICH means more benefits for your compost and in turn for your garden.
When I say composting is easy, I really mean it.
Take all those used and smelly waste from your kitchen, garden or yard and, instead of just tossing it in the garbage, toss it into compost box. Don’t know what to use to hold your compost? Just use a large plastic tub, trashcan, or make your own out of wood! Nothin’ special.
Here is a list of things that can be composted: (this list is probably only the beginning, but it’ll give you a good start)
- fruit and vegetables, skins and all.
- eggshells (crushed)
- farm animal manures
- grass clippings (in THIN layers)
- oats and oat straw, and most other hulls, straws, moss.
- peat moss
- potato skins and vines
- shells (from sea creatures, make sure they are ground and buried deep in the pile)
- tea leaves
Two of the biggest elements in composting is carbon and nitrogen. You generally want 30 parts carbon to 1 part nitrogen. The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible by Edward C. Smith has a great article on composting, his trick to remembering what the difference is between the two is “30 parts brown (for carbon) and 1 part green (for the nitrogen).”
- Straw-oats, barley, wheat and rye. (generally, most people prefer this type for composting)
- Cornstalks and vines from pea and beans
- Autumn Leaves
- Wood Shavings and Sawdust
- Pine Needles
- Any plant (fruit, vegetables, flowers) material as long as it’s not diseased
- Grass clippings
- Weeds (make sure there’s no poisons on it!)
- Bird feathers
- Alfafa hay
What NOT to compost
- Meat and Dairy, mainly because they attract animals.
- Diseased plants and the roots of the cabbage plants
- Weeds that have gone to seed
- Manure from animals other than herbivores. Like cats and dogs.
- Plants that have herbicides on them
This is my 2nd year really composting and I’m really enjoying all I’ve learned from it so far! Good luck and don’t be afraid to ask questions or google more about it! Composting is so easy and so beneficial for your garden!